A documented plant safety program is a management approach for recognizing, evaluating, and controlling health issues and workplace safety. This incorporates designing systematic practices and policies, in making and maintaining a healthy and safe working environment.
The implementation of a safety program is an effective and proven method for reducing the number of injuries and accidents among your workers.
Controlling injuries, especially in a cryogenic air separation plant can save your organization’s employee compensation costs and reduce employee time away from work. It will help improve morale and work productivity.
1. Where and How to Start
To begin, you will have to devise a plant safety policy statement. The statement must contain concise ad short statements that every employee can grasp. It must:
1: Explain the objectives and goals of employees’ health and safety program,
2: Reinforce that safety principle is the responsibility of everyone, and
3: Signed by the most senior personnel in the organization
2. Management Commitments
Commitments from management in designing the written plant safety program include,
1: Involvement of management,
2: Responsibility regarding communication, and
3: Resources to holding relevant parties responsible
In addition, management requires to ensure employers are encouraged to communicate injuries, hazards, illness, and symptoms. Also, they must report there aren’t programs or policies discouraging the safety report.
3. Apportionment of Responsibilities
Your document on plant safety must explain how the health and safety responsibilities have been assigned to supervisors, employees, managers, and other entities (like safety committees) in your organization.
Clear-cut delegation of responsibility allows each supervisor, employee, and manager to know what behaviors and activities are expected.
Remain as specific as possible and hold on to them. Use this as a component of the performance appraisal process to evaluate staff effectiveness. Assess your current business positions, activities, and responsibilities. Compile a list of different employees showing:
1: Job description,
2: Date of hire, and
3: What training and experience each may have
4. Hazard Identification
Your workplace safety program must describe how you intend to recognize, analyze, and control new, existing, or potential hazards at your company. This must include:
1: Regular facility inspections, and hazard operations’ analysis,
2: Carrying out workplace accident investigations, injury trend analysis, and
3: Taking action to eliminate future injuries
Be more delegate and specific who will be finishing each activity, when they are supposed to complete the activity, and how effectiveness will be evaluated.
5. Hazard Analysis
Analyzing hazards; especially in an air separation plant, is a crucial step in minimizing accidents, as it will help in using your resources effectively when you start to correct them.
Once your existing and potential hazards are identified, you will have to list the techniques you like to use to examine them. Every component should be independently evaluated. Once you have done this, you can mingle the two components to assess the gravity of every hazard.
6. Hazard Control
Since you have the hazards identified and classified, it’s time to avert them. If possible, completely eradicate the hazards. If you are unable, control the hazards by applying one or more of the following:
1: Administrative Controls: changing assignments or work schedules.
2: Engineering Controls: ventilation and barricades systems.
Typically, to tackle hazards, plant workers will need to be trained in hazard identification. They need to know how to minimize their exposure. Some instances of Procedural and Administrative Controls include programs for hazard communication and tag-out procedures.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) like hand protectors, eye protectors, and respirators should be used as a last option. Solutions should be sought in administrative or engineering controls first.
7. Achieving Hazard Identification
Hazard identification should be achieved using the below-mentioned means:
1: Safety inspections,
2: Worker safety hotline,
3: Safety monitors reports, and
4: Review of records
Plant supervisors will conduct inspections quarterly on the first of every February, May, August, and November. Reported hazards via the employee safety hotline will be forwarded to the relevant department supervisors.
The objective is to learn about hazards and correcting them. The safety monitors reports will be sent to the plant manager and the safety committee. The safety manager will assess the hazard points and give them to the plant supervisors to be resolved at the upcoming department meeting.
8. Accomplishing Control
After the hazard analysis, priority must be given to it based on overall gravity. Hazards will be controlled and any mishap can be eliminated. All other pitfalls will be controlled through administrative or engineering controls or a combination of both; as appropriate.
The supervisors must correct hazards that are under their control. They need to ensure the remaining pitfalls are passed to the workplace manager and safety committee for action.
The committee and the manager will examine and implement the hazards controls. Administrative along with work practice hazards’ controls will be designated either as a separate program or component of our procedures.