Joint Injections and Their Types

Joint Injections and Their Types

Injury to the joints can cause pain in the hips, legs, groin, knees, lower back, buttocks, and shoulders. That pain can arise from an inflammatory disease, simple wear, and tear, or an injury. We all know that our joint is where the end of our two bones meets. They allow you to move from up and down, side to side, and in rotation. In order to keep bones from rubbing against one another and to allow for seamless, smooth movement, the ends of bones have a special lining called cartilage. The bones rub against one another when moving, which is very painful when the cartilage is worn down. By injecting a local anesthetic and steroid into the injured joint, they attempt to reduce joint pain and inflammation.

What is a Joint Injection?

A common cause of sore joints is synovitis (inflammation of the lining of the joint). In some cases, reducing inflammation and decreasing pain can be accomplished by administering local anesthetics or corticosteroids directly into the affected joint. If the discomfort is reduced, physical therapy might be more beneficial.

To ensure that the injection needle penetrates the joint itself, where it has the best chance of working, photographs or images are used to guide it, most frequently ultrasound. X-rays or computed tomography may also be used to provide guidance (CT).

The shoulder, knee, and hip are where this procedure is most typically used, while other joints may also benefit from it.

In some cases, it becomes difficult for the doctors to diagnose what exactly is causing the trouble and joint pain. Sometimes the pain is not caused because of the joint inflammation and in that case, the bone joint injection does not work on enhancing the symptoms. This can be disappointing for the person suffering through it but it can help the doctors in coming to a decision. It can help them to know that they have to look for some other cause for the joint pain now.


If you are one of the adults in the world who are suffering from joint pain, you know how debilitating it gets. It becomes an issue when you want to stay active and even becomes a hurdle in your daily home chores. But what you might have not figured out is that discussing with your doctor more than just medicines or surgery can actually have you out with the treatment.

If your pain is on an extreme level, getting joint injections can help with easing your pain and let you be active enough to work comfortably. There are many injectable options that we can use to do the treatment of joint pain but obviously, your doctor will decide the best one for you. Because only he has read your case closely and knows what would be the best solution for your problem. This is because not every injection suits every patient. So, it is better to let your doctor discover your specific issues and come up with an injectable plan that suits your path to knee care.

The knee-care path can include anti-inflammatory medications, weight loss, stretching, exercise, activity modification, etc. Or injection therapy even. Let’s take a look at the types of injection therapy that are available today:

Types of Injection Therapy

Corticosteroid Injections

Traditional injections, such as cortisone or corticosteroids, can be beneficial for managing late-stage arthritis pain and putting off the need for surgery. The intra articular joint injection is also intra articular corticosteroid injection.

Hyaluronic Acid Injections

Generally, doctors use hyaluronic acid injections when the corticosteroid injections do not work for the patients. But hyaluronic acid injections are only used in the knee because that is the only area they are approved for. In the case where there are no clear signs of inflammation, doctors recommend hyaluronic acid injections. Hyaluronic acid injections are also a doctor’s choice if the patient has diabetes because in that case, corticosteroid injections can increase the blood sugar level.

Hyaluronic acid injections, also known as gel injections, are similar to the patient’s natural joint fluid chemically. The patient’s joint fluid becomes watery when they have osteoarthritis. So, in this instance, the hyaluronic acid injections play the role of working as a shock absorber and a lubricant and also restoring the fluid’s natural properties. Some physicians also believe that hyaluronic acid injections work as a buffer or cushion against inflammatory cells in your joint.

Platelet-rich Plasma Injections or PRP Injections

A relatively recent method for treating arthritic joint pain is platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections. During the centrifugation processing, which concentrates the platelets, the patient’s red blood cells and the majority of its white blood cells are eliminated. Some doctors say that a growing corpus of studies has shown that PRP can be as beneficial as cortisone or anti-inflammatory medications, or even more effective, particularly in the early stages of arthritis.

The Procedure of Joint Injection

During a joint injection procedure, you will be lying on your stomach on an X-ray table. After cleaning the skin around the targeted joint with an antiseptic solution, a local anesthetic is used by the doctor to numb the area. The doctor will then use an X-ray to guide the injection of an anesthetic and steroid mixture into the targeted joint. And this process takes between 10 and 20 minutes to finish.

Recovery After the Joint Injection Procedure

For a few days following the operation, you can feel some mild soreness in the vicinity of the targeted location. Ice and over-the-counter painkillers can be used to treat this.


Depending on your circumstances, pain alleviation may vary. In some instances, if the injection greatly reduces your discomfort, your doctor could advise more injections. If not, alternative pain management strategies could be suggested.

What are the Results?

If the affected joint is the source of your suffering, you can get pain alleviation starting two to seven days after the injection. For a few days to several months, you can have pain relief, allowing you to participate in physical therapy. You can repeat the procedure if the injections were successful but the soreness later reappears. If you don’t experience any pain reduction, there may be other therapy options accessible.


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