The Top 5 Front-End Trends and Predictions for 2021

The Top 5 Front-End Trends and Predictions for 2021

For the businesses that empower their services with digital solutions, it’s essential to keep pace with the latest front-end development trends. It helps businesses maintain their apps sustainable and competitive in the market as well as more attractive for potential customers.

Front-end is a fast-changing area in software development. Every year there appear leading-edge technologies and front-end programming languages and frameworks add new features. All these demonstrate greater front-end development potential for building innovative and effective apps.

In this article, we look into the most popular front-end technologies and explain why to use them for building your applications in 2021.

1. The Popularity of JavaScript is Still Increasing

JavaScript continues to keep its position as one of the most loved and used among the front and back-end programming languages. In its yearly Developer Survey, StackOverflow states that JavaScript has been keeping its first position for eight years in a row and shows no signs of losing it. It provides software developers with an extensive range of various libraries and frameworks that allow building versatile, fully-featured, and robust apps.

JavaScript creators work hard to retain its popularity. They constantly upgrade the language with the newest programming features, making its syntax more coherent and concise. For example, in the latest JavaScript update ES2021, JavaScript has been enhanced with various methods, including replaceAll, Promise.any, AggragateError, WeakRef, and others. They facilitate app development in JavaScript, making it much faster, smoother, and easier to debug.

2. Server-Side Rendering (SSR) and Static Site Generators (SSG)

It’s been for some time that many businesses preferred developing their web apps as Single Page Applications (SPAs). However, in 2021 the practice of rendering HTML on the server-side is getting popular again.

SPAs have an extensive range of advantages. By implementing client-side rendering they make web apps increasingly dynamic and highly interactive. With SPAs, users have to download a whole webpage from the server only once. After the technology rewrites the page components modified by the users.

Even though SPAs are super-fast, they have one major disadvantage – they don’t work well with Search Engine Optimization (SEO). SEO is essential for most online businesses. It helps them to improve web app ranking position in Google search and increase web traffic.

Lack of SEO is one of the main reasons why many businesses prefer Server-Side Rendering (SSR) and Static Site Generation (SSG). They allow implementing SEO optimization and are better compatible with different browser versions. That’s why Next.js and Gatsby creators have developed their JavaScript frameworks deliberately for SSR and SSG.

Both Next.js and Gatsby frameworks have shown steady growth in 2021 and are expected to keep dominating the static site generation and server-side rendering spheres in web development.

3. TypeScript Will Be Adopted More and More

Although JavaScript is an omnipresent programming language in web front-end technologies, its successor TypeScript has been quickly gaining popularity for the past several years. According to State of JavaScript 2020, TypeScript was ranked the third (92%) most satisfying, interesting, and used among all the JavaScript technologies for building web apps. And it’ll continue keeping its ranking position high in 2021.

The TypeScript popularity is simple to explain. It’s based on JavaScript and, therefore, it’s highly compatible with it and its development tools. TypeScript is easy to read, spot bugs, and it’s highly predictable. But the most important feature is that it brings a static type system to JavaScript, giving strict definitions to the variables it contains. This allows using TypeScript for building enterprise-level apps with large codebases.

It’s expected that in 2021TypeScript won’t lose its popularity. In its State of Frontend 2020 report, The Software House reveals that 77.2% of respondents have used TypeScript in and 54.3% stated that it “works better than JavaScript” for them. In the same report, 26.6% of developers think that TypeScript will be as popular as JavaScript, 28.4% of them are sure that TypeScript will become even more popular, and 29.2% think that JavaScript “will turn into something like TypeScript”.

4. AI-based Chatbot Enhance Customer Experience

Using AI-based chatbots is one of the most popular front-end development services that help businesses significantly enhance relations with their buyers. Artificial Intelligence (AI) allows software developers to create more humanized chatbots and, this way, enhance customer experiences.

AI-based chatbots have become smarter. Now, app users can find out the needed information or receive customer support in a friendly conversation, not even realizing that they’re talking to a chatbot. Besides providing human-like services, AI-based chatbots can save businesses significant sums spent on help-desk staff and reduce service downtime, extending it to a 24/7/365 timeline.

AI-based chatbots are the future of front-end development in consumer retail. According to Business Insider, the industry will spend on chatbots $142 billion by 2024 in comparison to only $2.8 billion in 2019.

5. React.js Will Continue Its Hegemony

React.js is a JavaScript framework that seems to have established its superiority over other JS frameworks for long. React.js has been the most preferred framework for building web front-end for 5 years already. In 2021, Stack Overflow ranked React.js the second most popular web framework, mentioning that jQuery is slowly losing its first place to React.js.

Web developers love React.js so much for its simple-to-read and easy-to-reuse code, strong community, and fast performance with the Virtual DOM. Above all, it’s simple-to-use, therefore, beginners prefer starting their career with React.js, learning it well, and after moving on to other JavaScript frameworks.

The world-known brands use React.js in their production, including Netflix, Facebook, Instagram, Airbnb, BBC, Dropbox, Cloudflare, and many others. This shows that React.js isn’t planning to lose its popularity and will continue its victorious advance up the web framework ranks.

Final Thoughts

Every new trend is a potential game-changer in a front-end development market. Therefore, businesses need to keep an eye on the latest front-end technologies and implement them in their digital solutions.

For this, they need to find a reliable JavaScript development company that can incorporate the latest front-end web technologies in their apps and suggest the best software development practices.

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